A structured process is conducted to define and document the knowledge, skills, and abilities relevant to the intended interpretation and use of the test scores. For example, licensure and certification programs might conduct a practice or job-task analysis. For an end-of-course exam or an assessment-based certificate program, an analysis of the course content and learning objectives would be appropriate.

Alpine staff has extensive experience designing and facilitating a variety of domain analysis processes utilizing activities and tools such as focus groups, workshops, and surveys.